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A New publication of the Egyptian Center for Economic And Social Rights The Role of Civil Society in Creating Social Capital A Study Case of NGOs in Egypt

The Egyptian Center for Economic And Social Rights has the pleasure to launch a new series of studies and researches that  closely relates and affects  economic and social rights and helps  to mature the debate, visions and thoughts on those rights. The Egyptian Center  for Economic And Social Rights is interested in presenting youth initiatives in this regard.

The Egyptian Center for Economic And Social Rights is pleased to announce the first publication in this series , the research ” The Role of Civil Society in Creating Social Capital ,A Study Case of  NGOs in Egypt”. The research is a Masters degree thesis prepared by Inji Mohamed Abd ElHamid , supervised  by Mostafa Kamel ElSayed , political sciences department , faculty of economics and political sciences , Cairo Uni.

The discussion committee approved the thesis and Inji received a master’s degree with distinction on 22/2/2009. The committee was formed of  the professors : Mostafa Kamel ElSayed , supervisor and the examiners Shadia Fat’hy , faculty of economics and political sciences , Cairo Uni. and  Howaida Adly Roman , the national center for social and criminal studies.

ECESR  publishes this research in the context of influencing the process of developing social and economic policies that would suit the Egyptian society that gets more complicated by time and leaves social capital a last and only resort.

The significance of this research lies in the concept it addresses , which is one of the basics in social sciences as it relates to other social issues such as development and democracy. As important as it is , very few Arabic publications in this topic are available, especially in the theoretical aspect. Most Arabic studies would refer to the World Bank definition of the concept.

Practical significance is coupled with the theoretical significance. Studying this concept in Egypt in relation to civil society provides means of using it in development programs as posed by  the western model and meeting the needs of the Egyptian society at the same time.

The research addresses some key questions:

1-               What is social capital ? How does it differ from other social capital forms?

2-               How is social capital formed ? what are  resources ? What are its techniques of formation ?

3-               What are the forms of social capital

4-               What is the role played by civil society in forming social capital ? What are prerequisites needed in civil society institutes to in order to play that role?

As for the Egyptian case , the research attempts to explore what is relevant to the civil society in general and what pertains only to NGOs as they are the biggest constituent of the civil society regarding the number of NGOs and their membership figures. NGOs are the nearest to the Egyptian citizen. This exploration is done through answering the following questions:

1- What are the resources of social capital in Egypt ? Is the civil society in Egypt considered a main resource for social capital?

2-What forms of social capital are provided by civil society? What are the factors affecting this role, regarding both institutes and surroundings?

We wish that this study will be an added value to the Arabic jurist library.

We wish it will contribute to stir and deepen the debate on economic and social rights and how to enhance them.

Hard copies of the research are available at the ECESR

1, Souq AlTowfiqiya , 4th floor , downtown Cairo.

An electronic copy is available for download at our site

www.ecesr.net

www.ecesr.org/enz

Egyptian Center for Economic And Social Rights

Table of contents

ECESR Introduction………………… …………………..

Research introduction ……………………………………..

Chapter One

Theoretical framework ………………………….……….

Section I  : Definition of social capital ………………………

I-         Evolution and development of the concept ……….

II-       Social Capital and other forms of capital …………

III-     Social Capital and political culture………………….

IV-    Elements of Social Capital And Properties……….

V-      Forms of Social Capital ……………………………..

Section II : Approaches In Social Capital Study ……….

The French Approach or Masses Nearness…………….

I-         The American Approach……………………………..

II-       Comparison Between Approaches………………….

III-     Converges of Social Capital Study …………………

IV-    Section III: Problems of Study of Social Capital …………………………………… …….. 55-48
First: Problems of Definition ……………………………..
Second: The Problem of Measurement …………………………

Chapter Two :Social Capital And Civil Society,
Section I: Social Capital And Democracy   ……………………….
First: Tocqueville Opinion  And His Supporters …………………
II: Circumstantial Vision   ………………………………………………..
Section II: Social Capital And Civil Society ……… ……………….
First: Civil Society As A Source of Social Capital ……………..
Second: The Determinants of The Relationship of Civil Society And Social Capital
Chapter Three

Social Capital of Civil Society In Egypt, 91-128
Sectioni: Sources of Social Capital In Egypt ………….
I: Culture ……………………………………….. .
II: Religion ……………………………………….. .
III: Family ………………………………………..
IV :Civil Society
Section II : Social Capital And Civil Society In Egypt …….

First: The Official Civil Society ………………………..
II – Political Parties …………………………….
III- Cooperatives ……………………………………
IV- Professional Associations ……………………………….
V -Trade Unions ………………………………
VI- Business Associations ………………………..
VII – Associations ……………………………..
Updated Traditional Institutions ………………………..
Second: Non –Official Civil Society  ……………………
Associations of Self-Help ……………………….
New Social Movements ……………………
Chapter Four
A Case Study of The Role Of NGOs In Social Capital Formation
Section I: NGOs  Evolution  And Development
First: The Internal Environment ………………………………….
Second: The External Environment For The Work Of NGOs ………
Section II: Field Experience …………………..
I: The Association For Health And Environmental  Development………………….
II: Association For The Brilliant Coptic Flower…………………….
III: Association of Alreddah For Community Development …………….
Conclusion  ………………………………………… .
References …………………………………………. ……
Tables …………………………………………. ……
Table (1) ……………………………………… …
Table No. (2) ……………………………………… …
Table No. (3) ……………………………………… …
Supplements …………………………………………. ……
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